It is something of an irony that Japanese Denim has become the most sought after denim product in the world. The history of Denim has seen it travel from its home in France to America and from there to the rest of the world. Jeans or denims have become the most recognisable form of clothing in the world.
Perhaps it is the ubiquitous nature of denim that has inspired a few enthusiasts to return to the early shuttle looms to revive the creation of a product of exceptional quality and durability and of course, style.
Denim is a sturdy cotton twill with distinct characteristics; two or more white weft threads pass under a dyed warp thread, giving a cloth with a ribbed texture that is dark on one side and light on the other. Although traditionally dyed an indigo blue, it is available in an almost unlimited palette of colours.
Originally called Serge de Nîmes (serge from Nîmes), denim was first made in France by the Andre family. It was exported to America in the late 18th Century where the hard-wearing nature of the cloth made it a practical choice for workwear.
Traditional shuttle looms weave the cloth using a continuous cross- thread (the weft) that is passed on a shuttle back and forth along the length of the bolt. As the thread loops around to make its return journey, it creates a self-edge or selvedge, and it is this distinct characteristic that differentiates modern projectile loom denim from traditional shuttle loom denim.